Newton, known as the Garden City, is located approximately six miles west of Boston. It lies within the so-called Boston Basin, a tiny structure of
the Appalachian Mountain Range.
Originally a part of Cambridge, Newton was settled in 1630 and incorporated in 1688 with the first settlement in Newton Corner. The Boston and Worcester Railroads established depots at what later became Newtonville and Auburndale in 1834. Newton is bordered on three sides by the Charles River and is a diverse community comprised of 13 villages, each with a unique character.
The villages of Newton listed alphabetically are: Auburndale, Chestnut Hill, Newton Centre, Newton Corner, Newton Highlands, Newton Lower Falls, Newton Upper Falls, Newtonville, Nonantum, Oak Hill, Thomsonville, Waban, and West Newton. Newton is a vibrant community that is desirable as a place to live and work due to its proximity to Boston, nearness to various highway and public transportation systems, attractive neighborhoods and high property values, well-run municipal government, and a strong, nationally-recognized school system. Newton has well-maintained parks, bicycle and fitness trails, golf courses, a public pool and lake. Newton has a state-of-the-art, award-winning library and two independent libraries and is home to the Jackson Homestead Museum. Among the myriad arts and cultural organizations and activities, Newton has a symphony orchestra, resident theatre groups and multiple artist associations. Newton is annually ranked among the safest cities in America.
- Location Eastern Massachusetts, bordered by Needham on the southwest, Wellesley and Weston on the west, Waltham and Watertown on the north,
Brookline and Boston on the east, and Boston on the southeast.
- Newton is 8 miles west of Boston and about 210 miles from New York City.
- Total Area: 18.22 sq. miles Land Area: 18.06 sq. miles
- Population: 93,447 (2008) Density Population: 4,573 per sq. mile
Climate (National Climatic Data Center) (Boston WSO Station):
- Normal temperature in January: 28.6°F
- Normal temperature in July: 73.5°F
- Normal annual precipitation: 41.5"
- Form of Government: Mayor-Council
- Year Incorporated as a town: 1688; As a city: 1873
Newton is situated in the Greater Boston Area, which has excellent rail, air and highway facilities. State Route 128 and Interstate Route 495 divide the region into inner and outer zones, which are connected by numerous "spokes" providing direct access to the airport, port, and intermodal facilities of Boston. Major Highways Principal highways are the Massachusetts Turnpike (interstate Route 90) and State Route 9, which both run E-W across Massachusetts, and State Route 128, the inner belt around Boston. Three interchanges. two in Newton and one just over the border in Weston, make the Mass. Turnpike easily accessible. Rail Commuter service to Boston, is available from West Newton (travel time 15-16 min), Newtonville (11-12 min), and Auburndale (18-20 min).
MBTA Green Line subway service is available from Riverside Station, Waban, Elliot, Newton Centre and Chestnut Hill. Bus Newton is a member of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). The MBTA provides fixed route service to neighboring communities, and also offers THE RIDE, a paratransit service for the elderly and disabled. Bus service to New York City and other destinations is available at the Riverside MBTA station.